Relative Deprivation in Pakistan: An Analysis of the Seraiki Movement


  • Aisha Shahzad


This paper deals with the phenomenon of relative deprivation with reference to Seraiki Movement. This movement has generated the national discourse on the division of Punjab, the largest province in Pakistan in terms of population. The ethnic elite, active in southern Punjab, views Punjab as an ethnically heterogeneous province. Therefore, it believes that, it should be divided on administrative lines for the solidarity of the Federation. It would provide opportunities to the marginalized ethnic groups to participate in main-stream politics. The study is an effort to analyze and comprehend the ethnic conflict and sense of deprivation in southern Punjab. It brings into focus the fact if the political system fails to develop sense of accommodation to promote inter-ethnic harmony, ethnic conflicts would reassert themselves vehemently.