Ethnic Politics of MQM from 1980s till Musharraf Regime


  • Aisha Shahzad


This article envisages the theoretical parameters of ethnicity. It seeks to examine the role of ethnic, linguistic and territorial diversity in shaping and directing the political process in Pakistan. The policies of the successive governments i.e. imposition of One-Unit, unfair distribution of resources and centralized state structure evoked ethnicity among the deprived ethnic communities. Moreover the influx of Mohajirs in the urban areas of Sindh exacerbated the ethnic consciousness among the local Sindhis. This article emphasizes the role and impact of MQM in the politics of Pakistan. Initially the Mohajir community (Urdu speaking) dominated the state structure but with the passage of time their privileged position declined due to the policies of the governments.