Attitudes of High School Students towards Egalitarian and Traditional Gender Roles


  • Farah Adil PhD Scholar Department of Gender Studies, University of Punjab, Lahore & Lecturer, Gender and Development Studies Department, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore.
  • Prof. Dr Ra’ana Malik Chairperson, Department of Gender Studies, University of Punjab, Lahore.


gender roles, egalitarian, traditional, high secondary schools


The present study analyzes magnitude of attitudes towards egalitarian and traditional gender roles in 9th and 10th grade high school male and female students, aged 14-18 years. Urdu version of an adapted scale was used to collect data on attitudes towards gender roles with the prier permission of the author. A three-way mixed factorial design and Analyses of Variance (ANOVA) were used for data analysis. The results showed main effect for gender roles, gender and age. Attitudes towards egalitarian gender roles were stronger than traditional gender roles. Female students expressed significantly stronger attitudes towards gender roles over male students. And though a main effect of age was revealed, post-hoc test only showed a stronger attitudes towards traditional gender role in 16-year over 18-year old participants. No other differences in attitudes across age groups were found. The authors indicate that young students (32%) had stronger attitudes towards egalitarian over traditional gender roles, and female students (8.5%) have stronger attitudes towards gender roles are based on education, familial influences and media.